AVACS লাইফ চ্যাট অফিশিয়াল বাংলা ফোরামে আপনাকে স্বাগতম!
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Getting geographical Information using an IP Address

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Getting geographical Information using an IP Address

Post by HELLU on Sun Aug 26, 2012 4:10 am

Getting the Internet Protocol or the IP Address of a remote system is said to the most important step in hacking of a
system. Sometimes, however we get an IP in order to get more information on someone or some host. But, how can
an IP Address be used to get more information on the location etc of a system? Well, this manual is aimed at
answering just this question.
Actually, the IP address (Actually the entire TCP/IP Protocol) is structured or designed such that one cannot tell as to
in which country a system having the given IP is situated, by simply looking at it. An IP Address has no fields, which
tell you the country in which the computer using it resides in. So, all myths like ‘The Second or the third field of an
IP stands for the country in which the system using it resides’ are definitely false and untrue.
However, yes sometimes one can guess or deduce as to in which country and even in which city the system using an
IP resides in, by simply looking at the first three fields of the IP. Let us take an example to understand what I mean to
say by this. Now, before I move on the example, let us understand how exactly IP Addresses are awarded to you.
Firstly, your ISP registers at the central authority and gets a particular range of IP addresses between which the
various customers (people who dial into their servers) can be awarded IP addresses. Most ISP’s are given a Class C
network Address. A class C Network address contains a 24-bit Network Prefix (the first three fields) and an 8-bit
Host number (the last field). It is referred to as "24's" and is commonly used by most ISP's.


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